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SHR Neuro Cancer Cardio Lipid

Zittermann, A; Ernst, JB; Prokop, S; Fuchs, U; Dreier, J; Kuhn, J; Knabbe, C; Berthold, HK; Gouni-Berthold, I; Gummert, JF; Börgermann, J; Pilz, S.
Vitamin D supplementation does not prevent the testosterone decline in males with advanced heart failure: the EVITA trial.
Eur J Nutr. 2019; 58(2):673-680
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Authors Med Uni Graz:
Pilz Stefan

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Plum Analytics:
Observational studies indicate a positive association between circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) and testosterone (T) concentrations. Because low 25OHD concentrations and T deficiency are considered to be a generalized phenomenon in patients with advanced heart failure (HF), we aimed to investigate whether vitamin D supplementation has beneficial effects on T indices in these patients. In a pre-specified secondary analysis of the EVITA (effect of vitamin D on mortality in heart failure) randomized controlled trial, we analyzed in male subjects with 25OHD concentrations < 75 nmol/L the effect of a daily vitamin D3 supplement of 4000 IU for 3 years (n = 71) vs. placebo (n = 62) on total T (TT), sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG), free T (fT), and bioactive T (BAT). We assessed changes from baseline until study termination and between-group differences at study termination. 25OHD increased in the placebo group from 36.6 nmol/L by 9.2 nmol/L (95% CI 3.2-15.1 nmol/L; P = 0.003) and in the vitamin D group from 36.5 nmol/L by 63.9 nmol/L (95% CI 52.6-75.3 nmol/L; P < 0.001), with a significant between-group difference at study termination (P < 0.001). TT and SHBG concentrations did not change significantly, neither in the placebo group nor in the vitamin D group (P = 0.845-0.082), but concentrations of fT and BAT declined significantly in both groups (P = 0.025-0.008). At study termination, there were no between-group differences in TT (P = 0.612), SHBG (P = 0.393), fT (P = 0.861), or BAT (P = 0.960). In male patients with advanced HF and low 25OHD concentrations, a daily vitamin D3 supplement of 4000 IU for 3 years did not prevent the decline in testosterone indices.

Find related publications in this database (Keywords)
Vitamin D
Free testosterone
Bioactive testosterone
Sex hormone
Heart failure
Randomized controlled trial
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